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Natural fibers have been used by civilizations for thousands of years. Wool textiles date back to the second millennium BC, and are still revered today as a premium fiber for clothing, bedding, and many other uses due to its strength, breathability, comfort, odor resistance, easy care and sustainability.
Today, wool is a global industry, with Australia, Argentina, the United States, and New Zealand serving as the major suppliers of raw wool. While the United States is the largest consumer of wool fabric, Australia is the leading supplier.
What for centuries was a small home-based craft has grown into a major industry. The annual global output is now estimated at 4 billion pounds. Though cotton is the number one plant source used for fabrics and the number one fiber overall, the number one source for animal fiber is still wool.
Wool Keeps you Warm
Wool helps to protect your body by helping regulate temperature and moisture levels, helping to keep you warm. Wool will absorb moisture, which helps draw any perspiration away from the body. Combined with wool’s fiber crimps which create tiny air pockets help insulate you in colder temperatures.
Wool Keeps you Cool
Wool helps to protect your body by helping regulate temperature and moisture levels, helping to keep you cool. Perspiring is our body’s natural way of regulating temperature, and wool allows for this moisture to be released from the body to promote the cooling effect of evaporation while keeping a layer of dry air next to the skin.
Wool Helps you Sleep
Recent scientific studies show that wool bedding and sleepwear promote a better night’s sleep through its ability to keep us dry and comfortable. Wool fiber is twice as effective as cotton and 10 times more effective than polyester at moving moisture vapor through fabric. By regulating body temperature far better than any other fiber, wool helps keep you in the thermal comfort zone during sleep.
Wool is Water Repellent
For centuries, fishermen chose to wear heavy-knitted sweaters when they headed out to sea. Wool is hygroscopic and can absorb up to a third of its own weight in moisture without feeling wet. Only when saturated with 30% of its own weight will it feel wet to the touch.
Wool is Fire Resistant
Naturally flame resistant, wool is harder to ignite than any other textile such as nylon, polyester, and cotton. The temperature needs to reach a searing 570°C before wool will ignite. With cotton, it’s less than half that. If wool does catch a fire, it smolders and self-extinguishes and crucially does not melt.
Wool is Odor Resistant
Wool does not promote the growth of bacteria which causes much of the odor in most fabrics. Wool has natural resistance to mold and mildew by absorbing and repelling moisture and allowing the moisture to move through the fibers without getting trapped.
Wool is Easy to Care For
Most wool is washable, at least by hand, or the super wash wool can even be machine washed. However, due to wool’s natural properties of being odor and stain resistant, wool garments need washing less often. Wool refreshes itself best in fresh air and is washed on short, lower temperature wool cycles, reducing the environmental impacts of laundering.
Wool is Sustainable
Wool is a natural fiber formed in the skin of sheep. It grows quickly and replaces itself naturally. Its is also biodegradable - imminently earth friendly as it releases its valuable nutrients back to the soil. Synthetic fibers like polyester are oil based, and take considerable resources to produce and add to our landfill issues.